4. Holm Oak/Holly Oak (Quercus ilex)

Holm oak is an evergreen tree that can grow to 20m and develop a huge, rounded crown. It was introduced to Britain in the late 1500’s. and has very hard, strong wood used for joinery.

Look out for the dark green evergreen leaves which are glossy above and downy below. Young leaves can be spiny like holly leaves and it produces acorns in autumn.

Its yellow catkins provide a source of pollen for bees and other insects,  but it is less useful to our wildlife than English Oaks.though it is less susceptible to pests and pathogen.

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